(U.P. ACT No. XVIII OF 1964)

[As passed by the U.P. Legislature]


An act to provide for the improvement of livestock in Uttar Pradesh

It  is hereby enacted in the Fifteenth Year of the Republic of India as follows: -  


1.             Short title, extent and commencement ._- This Act may be called the Uttar Pradesh pashudhan Sudhar  Adhiniyam, 1964.


                (2) It extends to the whole of Uttar Pradesh.

                (3)  It shall come into force on such date as the State Government may, by notification in the Gazette, appoint: and different dates may be appointed  for different areas of Uttar Pradesh .  


2.             Definitions .- In this Act, unless there is anything repugnant in the subject or context –


(a) “approved bull”  means a bull certified and branded under Section 6;  


(b) “bull” means an unsaturated male progeny  of a cow or buffalo not less than two years of age;  


 (c) “castrate” in relation to a bull, means to deprive it of the power of propagating its  species;


(d) “Director” means the Director of Animal Husbandry,  Uttar Pradesh, and includes an Additional Director of Animal Husbandry, Uttar Pradesh ;  


(e) “keep”,  in relation to a bull means , to own a bull or to have control, possession or custody thereof  for the time being;  


(f) “Livestock Officer” means an officer appointed by the State Government to perform in relation to any area the functions of Livestock Officer under this Act ; and


(g) “prescribed” means prescribed by rules made under this Act.  

3.             Prohibition of keeping unapproved bull.-  Except as provided by or under this Act, no person shall keep a bull which is  not an approved  bull.

4.             Declaration of suitable breeds or classes of bulls. –(1) The  State Government may by notification in the Gazette, declare in relation to any area the breeds and classes of bulls suitable for that area.

(2) In making a notification under sub-section (1)  the Government  shall take into consideration the milk –yield and serviceability  of the progeny of  all the breeds and classes of bulls available in the area, the availability of sufficient number of bulls of the breed or class proposed to be declared suitable for that area and such that  matters as it may consider  relevant    

(3) Before making a declaration under sub-section (1) the Government shall cause to be published n the Gazette a preliminary notification specifying the classes and breeds of bulls proposed to be declared suitable for the area concerned and inviting objections to the  proposals and take into consideration objection, if any, filed within the time allowed therefore in the preliminary notification.  

5.             Production of bulls for inspection. –The  Livestock  Officer may require, by an order in writing, any person keeping a bull which is not  an approved bull to produce the bull for inspection and thereupon the person shall produce the same for inspection on such date and at such time and  place as may be specified in the order:  

                provided that the inspection shall take place in the village or town in which the person keeping the bull normally  resides.  

6.             Certification and branding of  bulls.- Where on inspection of a bull, the Livestock Officer is satisfied that the bull is capable of being used for breeding purposes and is not –

(a) of defective or inferior conformation ;

(b) suffering  from a contagious  or infectious disease of an incurable character or from any other disease rendering the bull unsuitable for breeding purposes ; or  

(c) in case of a notification having been made under sub-section (1) of Section 4 in relation to the area, of a breed or class not declared to be suitable for that area,

he shall certify the bull as an approved bull and cause it to be branded with a mark prescribed in this behalf.  

7.             Castration of bulls unfit for approval. (1) Where on inspection,  the Livestock Officer is satisfied that a bull  is not fit for being certified and branded under Section 6, he shall by order in writing, direct the person keeping the bull :  

(i) in case of disability covered by clause (a) or (b) of that section to have the bull castrated within such period as may be specified in the order;

(ii)  in case of a disability covered by clause (c) and not covered by clause (a) or (b) of that section, to either remove the bull beyond the prohibited area or have it castrated within such period  as may be specified in the order .

2. (a) Any person aggrieved by an order under sub-section (1) may appeal to such officer and n such manner as may be prescribed, and the order passed on the appeal shall be final and binding :  

                provided that no appeal may be entertained after the expiry of thirty  days from the date of the order  appealed against , unless the appellate authority for reasons to be recorded , considers it proper to entertain the appeal after the said period,  

(b) The authority before  which an appeal is pending may pass such interim orders as it  considers just and expedient.  

(3) The  castration shall be performed or caused to be performed by the  Livestock Officer, unless the owner or other person keeping the bull desires to make his own arrangements for complying with the order .

(4) Where an order under sub-section (1) has become final but has  not been complied with within the time allowed therefor the Livestock Officer may, without prejudice to any action that may be taken under Section 13,  cause the bull to be seized and castrated . 

                Explanation  .-  in this section “prohibited area”, in relation to a bull, means the area in respect of which a notification has been made under sub-section (1) of Section 4 and for which such bull has not been declared  to be suitable.

8.             Castration and custody of unclaimed bulls.- (1) If  the Livestock Officer , after making an enquiry in the prescribed manner, finds that a bull is not kept by any known person , he shall cause it to be seized and shall inspect it .  

(2) If on such inspection he finds that the bull is not fit for being certified and branded as an approved bull, he shall have it castrated.  

(3) The Livestock Officer may, subject to the right  of any person to establish his title to the bull in a court of competent jurisdiction,  give the bull into the custody of any person in such manner or on such terms and  conditions as he may deem fit in accordance with the rules made in this behalf

9.             Castration of approved bulls on becoming unfit.-  If the  Livestock Officer  at any  time has reason to believe that an approved  bull has contracted a contagious or infectious disease  of an incurable character or has  otherwise become  unfit to function as an approved bull, he may proceed in  respect of the bull as if it were an unapproved bull and the provisions of Section 5,6,  and 7 shall mutais mutandis apply to such proceeding .  


10.          power of Livestock Officer to enter and  inspect.-  The Livestock Officer  or any person required by him to assist him in the performance of his functions under this Act shall have power at all reasonable  times.-

(a) to inspect a bull ; and

(b) subject to such conditions, if any, be prescribed , to enter any place where he  has reason to believe that  a bull is kept .

11.          maintenance of registers .- The Livestock Officer shall maintain or cause to be maintained such registers  giving particulars of inspection castration, certification and branding of bulls and such other information as may be prescribed.

12.          Penalty for unauthorized marking .- If any person without  lawful authority brands or causes to be branded any bull with any mark prescribed under this Act or with a mark resembling such prescribed mark, intending by means of that resemblance to practice deception or having reason to believe that deception shall be practiced thereby, he shall be punishable with imprisonment which  may extend to three months or with fine which fine which may extend to five hundred rupees, or with both  

13.          Penalty for contravention of the provisions of this Act ,etc.- whoever  contravenes any provision of this Act or any rule or order mad e  thereunder shall be punishable with fine  which may extend to one hundred rupees  

14.          Cognizance of offences. -  No court shall take  cognizance of an offence under this Act  except upon a complaint made by a Livestock Officer or any person authorized  by him  in this behalf .

15.          Offences by companies .- If the person committing an offence under this Act is a company, the company as well as every person in charge of and responsible to, the company for the  conduct of its business at the time of the commission of the offence shall be deemed to be guilt of the offence and shall be liable to be proceeded against and punished accordingly:

                Provided that nothing  contained in this sub-section shall render any such person liable to any punishment if he proves that the offence was committed without his knowledge or that he  exercised all due diligence to prevent the commission of such offence.

(2) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1) where an offence under  this Act has been committed by a company and it is proved that the offence has been committed with the consent  or connivance of, or that the commission of the offence is attributable to any neglect on the part of nay director, manager, secretary or other officer of the company, such director, Manager , secretary or other officer shall also be deemed to be guilty of the offence and shall be liable to be proceeded against and punished accordingly.

                Explanation.  For the purposes of this section.-

(a) “company” means any body corporate and includes a firm or other association of  individuals ; and 

(b) “director” in relation to firm, means a partner in the firm .

16.          Protection of action taken in good faith.-  No suit, prosecution or other legal proceeding shall lie against an officer or servant of the State Government  for anything which is in good faith done or intended to be done in pursuance of any provision of  this Act or of any rule or order made  thereunder .  

17.          power to make rules.- (1) The State Government  may , by notification  in the Gazette, and subject to the condition of previous publication, make rules for carrying out  the purposes of this Act .  

(a) the appointment of Livestock Officers and their qualifications;

(b) the  mark with which  and the manner in which a bull shall be branded as an approved bull;  

(e) the  authority  to which and the manner in which an appeal may be made under sub-section (2) of Section 7;  

(d) the  manner  in which and the terms and conditions on which a bull may be  given in the custody of any person under sub-section  (3) of Section 8;  

(e) the condition subject to which an entry into a place may be made under  Section 10;  

(f) the  registers to be maintained by a livestock Officer and the information to be contained therein ;

(g) the manner in which an officer may make an inquiry, hear and dispose of an appeal or perform other function under this Act;  

(h) the manner of service of any order under this Act; and

(i) any other matter which s to be or may be prescribed.  

(3)           All rules made under this Act  shall, as soon as  may be after they are made, be laid before  each House of the State Legislature while it s in session, for a total period of fourteen days, extending in its one session or more than one successive sessions and shall unless some later date is  appointed by the State Government take effect, from the date of their  publication in the Gazette, subject to such modifications or annulments as the two Houses of the Legislature may agree to make so, however , that  any such modification or annulment shall be without prejudice to the validity of anything previously done thereunder .